- Do not add salt to preparations: sodium needs (present in table salt) in babies are less than those of adults. Babies meet their needs through the food they eat naturally. In addition, we get them to accept dishes with this degree of palatability.
- Do not abuse sugar: educate your baby to consume dairy products and compotes in their natural state because the use of sucrose (table sugar) gets babies used to the sweet taste of foods. Sucrose is one of the main causes of cavities.
- Administer water often: to get your baby used to drinking it and to prevent dehydration. It can be through drinking straight water, without sugar, or fruit juice, without added sugar. A baby's water needs increase in several circumstances such as: high ambient temperature or through heating (heat), fever, diarrhea, thick foods, etc. In addition, since it has not fully developed the capacity to concentrate urine, a greater quantity of water is necessary to dissolve substances eliminated through urine.
- Introduction of foods: each time a baby is going to consume a new food, it must be introduced in small quantities and the quantity must be increased progressively.
- Know foods and develop taste: when introducing foods from each group to your baby according to its age, you should consider introducing them one by one to later be able to mix them. This way, you get your baby to learn about different foods, their flavors and get used to them. It is also useful in identifying possible food allergies after consuming certain foods.
You should keep in mind that your baby is progressively being offered the four basic flavors (salty, sweet, bitter and sour), alternating with other thermal sensations (hot, lukewarm and cold), tactile sensations (soft, crunchy, foamy, mellow and other consistencies that are more or less thick) and visual sensations (for instance, foods of different colors and shapes). For all of these reasons, it is important for you to know the following aspects:
- 6-7 months: preference for sweet things.
- 8-10 months: preference for salty things over sweet things.
- Up to 12 months: sour and bitter flavors are less appreciated, but not rejected.
- 18-24 affirmation of taste in food which contributes to the formation of your baby's personality
- Starting at 24 months: the dietary neophobia phase may begin in which its tastes and preferences will be temporarily reduced.
Text extracted from the book "Recetas, nutrición y dietética infantil".